4English Exams
  Learn about IELTS test, Sections of IELTS
  Free Preparation of IELTS, What Is TOEFL?
  Computer Based TOEFL, Sections of GMAT
 Sections of GRE, English Grammar

UK IELTS

TOEFL

GRE


Book Mark Site
IELTS, TOEFL
Home
TOEFL IELTS
Site Map
Study Abroad - List of Universities - Student Visa - Interview Questions - Scholarships - UK Immigration ( HSMP )
  Australia Immigration - Canada Immg. - Love Calculator - Dubai Night Life - Indian Girls - UK Visas Free Guide
Arabic Girls - IT Jobs in UK - Student Jobs - Jobs in Australia - Jobs in USA - Jobs in Canada - Dubai Jobs
Home / English Grammar / Grammar Sections
Hi ! Guest | Login | Register   
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
 >  What's Grammar?
What's Grammar?

 >  Parts Of Grammar
Parts Of Grammar

 >  Internet Grammar
Internet Grammar

 >  History Of English
History Of English

 >  What Is Active Voice
What Is Active Voice

 >  What Is Passive Voice
What Is Passive Voice

 >  History Of Grammar
History Of Grammar

 >  Active Passive
Active Passive

 >  Eng. Vocabulary
Eng. Vocabulary

 >  Parts Of Speech
Parts Of Speech

 >  What Is Verb?
What Is Verb?

 >  What Is Noun?
What Is Noun?

 >  What Is Adjective?
What Is Adjective?

 >  What Is Adverb?
What Is Adverb?

 >  What Is Pronoun?
What Is Pronoun?

 >  What Is Preposition?
What Is Preposition?

 >  What Is Conjunction?
What Is Conjunction?

 >  What Is Interjection?
What Is Interjection?

 >  English Tenses
English Tenses

 >  Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal Verbs

 >  Idioms
Idioms

 >  Present Tense
Present Tense

 >  Present Perf. Tense
Present Perf. Tense

 >  Present Cont. Tense
Present Cont. Tense

 >  Pres. Perf. Cont. Tense
Pres. Perf. Cont. Tense

 >  Past Tense
Past Tense

 >  Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense

 >  Past Cont. Tense
Past Cont. Tense

 >  Past Perf. Cont. Tense
Past Perf. Cont. Tense

 >  Future Tense
Future Tense

 >  Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Tense

 >  Future Cont. Tense
Future Cont. Tense

 >  Future Perf. Cont. Tense
Future Perf. Cont. Tense

Latest in Forum
 >  Calling for IELTS and TOEFL test-takers' participation in survey

 >  What is search engines submission?

 >  Earn Your Online High School Diploma.

 >  Cosmetic dentist

 >  Coloring Pages - Introduce Your Child to the Realm of Colors


Quick Links
 > UK Visas Free Guide


 >  Study Abroad Guide

 >  Jobs in Dubai

 >  Free Visa Guide

 >  Study in Europe

 >  Jobs in UK

 >  Jobs in USA

 >  HSMP Immigration

 >  Skills Shortage in UK

 >  Find Bright Career

 >  Search Universities

 >  Top Colleges

 >  Canada Immigration

 >  Night Life of Dubai

 >  Australia Immigration

 >  Free Workpermits

 >  Working Holiday Visa

 >  UK Prayer Timetables

 >  Nice Funny Shoogle

 >  Girls Fashion

 >  Arabic Girls

 >  Bollywood Models

 >  UK Girls

 >  Sexuality

 > Companies in Dubai

Parts Of Grammar

Resource for the Latest Material of Parts Of Grammar. It contains a large free material of Parts Of Grammar along with free preparation material of IELTS, TOEFL, GRE, GMAT, English Grammar and other English Tests.

Parts Of Grammar

Viewed : 7931     Refer to your Friend     Rating :    Rate it

Word Classes


  • Introduction to word classes

  • Words are fundamental units in every sentence, so we will begin by looking at these. Consider the words in the following sentence:
    my brother drives a big car
    We can tell almost instinctively that brother and car are the same type of word, and also that brother and drives are different types of words. By this we mean that brother and car belong to the same word class. Similarly, when we recognise that brother and drives are different types, we mean that they belong to different word classes
  • Nouns

  • brother, car, David, house, London

  • Determiners

  • a, an, my, some, the

  • Verbs

  • be, drive, grow, sing, think

  • Adjectives

  • big, foolish, happy, talented, tidy

  • Preposition

  • at, in, of, over, with

  • Conjunctions

  • and, because, but, if, or

  • Minor word classes

  • There are some words which will not fit the criteria for any of them. Consider, for example, the word hello. It is clearly not a noun, or an adjective, or a verb, or indeed any of the classes we have looked at. It belongs to a minor word class, which we call formulaic expressions.
    Formulaic Expressions
    To express greetings, farewell, thanks, or apologies, we use a wide range of FORMULAIC EXPRESSIONS. These may consist of a single word or of several words acting as a unit. Here are some examples:
    bye goodbye
    hello farewell hi
    so long excuse me
    thanks thank you thanks a lot
    sorry pardon

    Some formulaic expressions express agreement or disagreement with a previous speaker:

    yes, yeah, no, okay, right, sure

    INTERJECTIONS generally occur only in spoken English, or in the representation of speech in novels. They include the following:

    ah, eh, hmm, oh, ouch, phew, shit, tsk, uhm, yuk

    Interjections express a wide range of emotions, including surprise (oh!), exasperation (shit!), and disgust (yuk!).

    Formulaic expressions, including interjections, are unvarying in their form, that is, they do not take any inflections.

Phrases


Defining a Phrase
A pronoun can sometimes replace a noun in a sentence. One of the examples we used was this:
[Children] should watch less television
[They] should watch less television

Here it is certainly true that the pronoun they replaces the noun children. But consider:
[The children] should watch less television
[They] should watch less television

In this example, they does not replace children. Instead, it replaces the children, which is a unit consisting of a determiner and a noun. We refer to this unit as a NOUN PHRASE (NP), and we define it as any unit in which the central element is a noun. Here is another example:
I like [the title of your book]
I like [it]

In this case, the pronoun it replaces not just a noun but a five-word noun phrase, the title of your book. So instead of saying that pronouns can replace nouns, it is more accurate to say that they can replace noun phrases.

Clauses & Sentences


Clause
In more general use, however, phrases are integrated into longer units, which we call CLAUSES:
Q: What would you like to drink?
A: [I'd like coffee]

Q: How are you today?
A: [I'm fine]

Q: Where did you park the car?
A: [I parked the car behind the house]

Sentence
Most people recognise a sentence as a unit which begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (period), a question mark, or an exclamation mark. Of course, this applies only to written sentences. Sentences have also been defined notionally as units which express a "complete thought", though it is not at all clear what a "complete thought" is.

It is more useful to define a sentence syntactically, as a unit which consists of one or more clauses. According to this definition, the following examples are all sentences:

[1] Paul likes football

[2] You can borrow my pen if you need one

[3] Paul likes football and David likes chess


Form & functions


The word Form was one of the criteria we used to distinguish between word classes -- we saw that the form or "shape" of a word is often a good clue to its word class.
Form denotes how something looks -- its shape or appearance, and what its structure is. When we say that the old man is an NP, or that the old man bought a newspaper is a finite clause, we are carrying out a formal analysis.
Refer to your Friends
I want to prepare for the ENGLISH GRAMMAR to reach a high score. At 4EnglishExams.com I can take free interactive questions to increase my Parts Of Grammar vocabulary and learn in detail about Parts Of Grammar. In addition I can speak to other people who are preparing for the ENGLISH GRAMMAR to share experiences on the ENGLISH GRAMMAR forum. It is very difficult to collect all the material of Parts Of Grammar but we tried our best to provide you all information about Parts Of Grammar for free and free material for the preparation of ENGLISH GRAMMAR along with free books of ENGLISH GRAMMAR.
IELTS TOEFL
© 2005-2007 4English Exams : A complete Free guide for English Exams like TOEFL, IELTS, GRE, GMAT, SAT, ESL Tests, MCAT, English Grammer and other material of English. Get detail of english tests with free material of all english tests and free samples of IELTS, TOEFL etc. If you see your copyright violated here, please Contact us | sitemap IELTS TOEFL